Exoplanetary Science

Kepler-56: Misaligned Planets Around a Swelling Star

June 6, 2014

Although I’m sure I’ll refer to various papers presented at the American Astronomical Society this week in future entries, I’ll close our current look at the Boston meeting with word of two planets that will be falling into their star in short order (at least as astronomers measure time). Kepler-56b and Kepler-56c have a predicted […]

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Three Regimes of Planet Formation

June 5, 2014

On Tuesday I mentioned the work of Lars A. Buchhave, an astronomer at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA), in connection with the Kepler-10c discovery. The latter is the so-called ‘mega-Earth’ now found to be seventeen times as massive as our own planet, with a diameter of about 29,000 kilometers. A larger population of solid […]

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Probing an Ancient Planetary System

June 4, 2014

The red dwarf known as Kapteyn’s Star — the name comes from the 19th Century Dutch astronomer Jacobus Kapteyn — is about thirteen light years from Earth in the southern constellation of Pictor, close enough that a small telescope can pick it out. Kapteyn’s efforts at cataloguing the star in 1898 revealed that it had […]

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Introducing the ‘Mega-Earth’

June 3, 2014

Building public interest in deep space is a long-term goal for most of us in the interstellar community, and the release of the film Interstellar this fall may set off a new round of discussion among reviewers and movie fans alike. Also helpful is the DVD release of the Neil deGrasse Tyson Cosmos series, given […]

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Sunset at Titan: The Problem of Haze

May 29, 2014

Given the high quality imagery returned by Cassini on an almost routine basis, it’s interesting to remember how little we knew about Saturn’s moon Titan back in November of 1980, when Voyager 1 made its closest approach to the planet. Think of the options the Voyager 1 team had in front of it. The craft […]

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Exomoons: A New Technique for Detection

May 21, 2014

A friend asked me the other day whether my interest in exomoons — moons around exoplanets — wasn’t just a fascination with the technology of planet hunting. After all, we’ve finally gotten to the point where we can detect and confirm planets around other stars. An exomoon represents the next step at pushing our methods, […]

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A New Marker for Planet Formation

May 20, 2014

Given how many planet-hosting stars we’re finding, any markers that can tell us which are most likely to have terrestrial worlds would be welcome. New work out of Vanderbilt University is now providing us with an interesting possibility. Working with the university’s Keivan Stassun, graduate student Trey Mack has developed a model that studies the […]

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GU Piscium b: Tuning Up our Imaging

May 19, 2014

How do you go about characterizing a directly imaged planet around another star? In the absence of a transit, one way is to apply theoretical models of planetary formation and evolution to the light spectrum you’re working with. When a team of researchers led by Marie-Ève Naud (a graduate student at the Université de Montréal) […]

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Proxima Centauri Transit Search to Begin

May 6, 2014

Anyone who follows this site is well aware of David Kipping’s work as Principal Investigator of The Hunt for Exomoons with Kepler, which sifts through the voluminous Kepler data in search of exoplanet satellites. Now based at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA), David lists a number of research interests including the study and characterization […]

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Night and Day on β Pictoris b

April 30, 2014

Writing yesterday about Kevin Luhman’s discovery of another cold brown dwarf in the stellar neighborhood reminded me of work we discussed earlier this year in which the weather on the surface of Luhman 16 B was mapped. This was done using the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope (see Focus on the Nearest Brown Dwarfs), […]

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